Five United Nations treaties on outer space, the “Outer Space Treaty”; the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies. Convinced that a Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, will promote the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,. During a session of the General Assembly in December 1966, several proposals for an arms control treaty regulating outer space were discussed, culminating in the drafting and adoption of the Outer Space Treaty the following January. The Declaration of the First Meeting of Equatorial Countries, also known as the Bogotá Declaration, was one of the few attempts to challenge the Outer Space Treaty.
There are five international treaties that underpin space law, overseen by the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS). The Outer Space Treaty, formally the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, is a multilateral treaty that forms the basis of international space law. Believing that the exploration and use of outer space should be carried out for the benefit of all peoples, regardless of their degree of economic or scientific development,. States Parties to the Treaty shall assume international responsibility for national activities in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, whether such activities are carried out by governmental agencies or non-governmental entities, and for ensuring that national activities are carried out carried out in accordance with the provisions of this Treaty.
The Outer Space Treaty was driven by the development of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) in the 1950s, which could hit targets across outer space. Taking into account United Nations General Assembly resolution 110 (II) of 3 November 1947, which condemned propaganda intended or likely to provoke or encourage any threat to the peace, breach of the peace or act of aggression, and considering that the above-mentioned resolution applies to outer space,. Between 1959 and 1962, Western powers made a series of proposals to ban the use of outer space for military purposes. The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and its Scientific, Technical and Legal Subcommittees operate on the basis of consensus,.
These five treaties deal with topics such as the non-appropriation of outer space by a single country, arms control, freedom of exploration, liability for damage caused by space objects, safety and rescue of spacecraft and astronauts, prevention of harmful interference in space activities and the environment, notification and recording of space activities, scientific research and exploitation of natural resources in outer space and dispute resolution. If a State party to the Treaty has reason to believe that an activity or experiment planned by it or its nationals in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, could cause potentially harmful interference with the activities of other States Parties in the exploration and use of space for peaceful purposes, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, shall conduct appropriate international consultations before proceeding with any such activity or experiment. The Soviet Union, however, would not separate outer space from other disarmament issues, nor would it agree to restrict outer space to peaceful uses unless U. The provisions of this Treaty shall apply to the activities of States Parties to the Treaty in the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, regardless of whether such activities are carried out by a single State Party to the Treaty or jointly with other States, including cases in which they are carried out within the framework of international intergovernmental organizations.
Inspired by the great perspectives that open up before humanity as a result of man's entry into outer space,. . .