The 1967 Outer Space Treaty The Outer Space Treaty entered into force in October 1967.It is the second non-arms treaty (the first is the Antarctic Treaty of 1966). Convinced that a Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, will promote the Purposes and Principles of the Charter of the United Nations,. Convinced that a Treaty on the Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, will promote the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,. During the sixtieth session of UNGA, Member States adopted several resolutions on the use of outer space.
The Outer Space Treaty was driven by the development of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) in the 1950s, which could hit targets across outer space. From 4 to 15 April, the fifty-fifth session of the Legal Subcommittee of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space was held in Vienna from 4 to 15 April. On 8 February, the Conference on Disarmament met to discuss the prevention of an arms race in outer space. The General Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution banning the introduction of weapons of mass destruction into outer space.
Each State Party to the Treaty that launches or promotes the launch of an object into outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, and each State Party from whose territory or installation an object is launched, is internationally liable for damage to another State Party to the Treaty or to its natural or legal persons for such object or its component parts in Earth, air or outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies. States Parties to the Treaty shall consider astronauts as envoys of mankind in outer space and shall provide them with all possible assistance in the event of an accident, danger or emergency landing in the territory of another State Party or on the high seas. Inspired by the great perspectives that open up before humanity as a result of man's entry into outer space,. Soviet plans for general and complete disarmament between 1960 and 1962 included provisions to ensure the peaceful use of outer space.
The Outer Space Treaty was opened for signature in the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union on 27 January 1967, and entered into force on 10 October 1967.In early 1957, even before the launch of Sputnik in October, the evolution of rockets prompted the United States to propose verification of space object tests. Outer Space Treaty Bans Any Country Claiming Property on the Moon, But Lunar Mining Has Sparked Debate on Lunar Property Rights. When an international organization carries out activities in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, responsibility for compliance with this Treaty shall be assumed by both the international organization and the States Parties to the Treaty participating in that organization. (B) To begin at the same time the study of issues relating to the definition of outer space and the use of outer space and celestial bodies, including the various implications of space communications;.
First of all, it contains a commitment not to place in orbit around the Earth, install on the Moon or any other celestial body, or any other station in outer space, nuclear or any other weapon of mass destruction. The Outer Space Treaty, formally the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, is a multilateral treaty that forms the basis of international space law. .